Land Survey Types

Easement lines, if any, will also be situated.

Construction Staking – Surveying measurements that are made prior to, or although a website is beneath construction, to handle the horizontal place and vertical placement (elevation). For instance, Surveyors ordinarily put stakes at making corners for a new house site to insure that it is developed in the right site and does not encroach on any building line or easement. Construction staking is also done for operate like curb and gutter, earthwork, sanitary manholes, streets, etc.

Website Approach – A site plan is ready, typically, in purchase to receive approval to build some form framework on a great deal, like a home. This may well involve field perform, dependent on the conditions. The vast majority of web page ideas are completed in the business office. Right after approval of the web site prepare, then some building staking may well get put. (See over)

Topographic Survey – A survey that locates normal and guy-made characteristics such as buildings, fences, improvements, easements, utilities, trees, streams. This form also usually displays the “contours” of the land. Shots are taking at “ridges” and “valleys” on the website and a map is made. A topo survey is commonly employed to approach and design and style some variety of making undertaking on the parcel.

Subdivision Survey – This form is done in buy to divide a parcel into more compact parcels. This might be as handful of as two a lot or hundreds or lots. A subdivision “plat” (drawing) is accomplished which is then approved by the county and/or town and then recorded in the neighborhood courthouse.

Elevation Survey – Performed to determine the elevation of a construction (house) and it’s relation to the floodplain. (See “flood” for much more information.)

ALTA/ACSM Survey – This form can be identical to the Residential Ton or Boundary Survey previously mentioned but it is performed to a distinct common, the ALTA/ACSM normal. ALTA is the American Land Title Association and ACSM is the American Congress on Surveying and Mapping. These two organizations joined collectively in establishing these specifications. They are current routinely. This is commonly referred to as an ALTA survey. An ALTA survey is quite complete (examine expensive) and is most often done on business property or when a financial institution is out of state. This is a commonly accepted national standard for surveying.

Aerial Photograph Mapping Command – Aerial picture handle is the placement of painted targets on the ground in anticipation of aerial pics. The horizontal and vertical location of these target factors are then applied in the photogrammetric procedure to “control” the creation of the maps.

GIS Mapping – GIS stands for Geographic Info Technique. This is also occasionally named a Land Facts Process (LIS). These surveys are done to track down products like utilities (drinking water, sewer, power, and so on.) in order to populate a GIS database.

Percolation & Soils Testing – Conducting a percolation check and soil uninteresting is not technically considered land surveying, but land surveyors are 1 of three specialists that are capable to complete these exams. A “perc” check is done in order to decide if sewage effluent will soak (percolate) into the ground in an onsite septic technique. The soil dull helps the surveyor ascertain the depth to accomplish the perc examination. The soil boring could show water or rock, a limitation to the placement of area lines.